Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia bordered north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq km) and a population of approximately 35 million, Nepal is ranked as the world’s 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolitan city. For some geographical gist, some folks say Nepal is like a yam struggling to grow between two huge boulders.

Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geographical features, culture and religions. The mountainous region in the north has eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including the tallest in the world i.e. Sagarmatha, the Mount Everest. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized. This small Himalayan nation has over 240 peaks above 20,000 ft (6,096m) above sea level.

Slotted amidst the greatest heights of the Himalaya, Nepal is where the ice-cold of the mountains meets the steamy heat of the plains. It's a land of yaks and yetis, temples & cows, stupas, monasteries and Sherpa’s with some of the best trekking trails on earth. The Himalayan's most sophisticated urban cultures took shape here, in the three great medieval cities of the Kathmandu bowl shaped Valley - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur - home to a world class artistic and architectural heritage.

The landscapes are unequalled in beauty and variety, cultural diversity, aesthetically built monuments, rugged beauty and tranquility of the snowcapped shimmering mountains, serenity and placid lakes and valleys, an unmatched collection of flora, fauna and wild life, diverse races, ethnic groups, dialects and languages all combined to make Nepal a visitor's dream for holidays. This is a land of immense contrasts.


Location It borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China in the North and India in the East, South and West respectively.
Area 147,181 sq. Kilometers
Altitude Varies from 70 meters to 8848 meters
Capital  Kathmandu
Population 26,494,504
Language Nepali is the National language of Nepal. Educated people understasnd and speak English as well.
Religion Majority Hinduism and Buddhism
Time Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian standard time. 



Nepal is a landlocked country between India in the south, east and west and Tibetan Autonomous Region of China on the north, 550 miles/880 km long and 150 miles/240 km wide. The country is rectangular in shape stretching from east to west. Its 56,826 sq. miles/148,000 sq. km. is divided lengthwise into three strips. The northernmost strip is the Himalaya, meaning "abode of snow". It includes eight of the ten highest mountains in the world. The southernmost region, which is the narrowest of the three strips, is called the Terai. It is an extension of the Gangetic plain of northern India, jungles with elephants, rhinoceroses and tigers. Between the two outer strips lies an interface region of mountains, hills and valleys.



Nepal’s climate is an off-spring of its diverse seasons. Autumn and spring is a wonderful delight; not only for visitors heading to Nepal but also for the local people. Autumn commences from early September to early December and the skies are a sparkling blue with sunny days and colder full moon nights. Spring really begins from early February to May end with occasional rainfall. The monsoon starts from early June to September with scattered showers in October. Trekking is pretty difficult and uncomfortable this time around due to the humidity and everyday showers. The trails get slushy and are often leech-infested. And the mountains are generally hidden by clouds. But Nepal always has something in the bag for visitors and this is when expeditions gear up for summer climbing and trekking in the trans-Himalayan regions of Mustang, Narphu La, Dolpo and Tibet begin. These regions lie in the rain-shadow zones of the country and wonderfully receive significantly less precipitation than the more southerly areas.


Weather of Nepal

December-February March-May June-August September-November
Winter Autumn Summer Spring
Cool and a little damp Cloudy and cool Warm and hot Sunny days with cool nights
Average temperature: 5°C-10°C Average temperature: 11°C - 18°C Average temperature: 24°C - 26°C Average temperature: 20°C - 24°C
Travel note: Bundle up as the weather may get freezing Travel note: Great time for walks Travel note: Drink plenty of water when going out and about. Expect rainy weather as well. Travel note: Best time to visit and trek the countryside


Entry Requirements

Visa can be obtained on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, at border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Gaddachowki on Nepal-India border and Kodari on Nepal-China border. Visa can also be obtained at the nearest Nepal Embassy or Diplomatic Mission in your country. Visa can also be obtained (renewal purposes) at Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan, Kathmandu. A valid passport and one passport -size photo with a light background is required. Immigration Department has not specified the size of the passport-size photo.

Visa fee can be paid any currencies except Indian and Nepalese Rupees. However, US dollar is highly recommended. 

Tourist Visa

Multiple Entry 15 days USD $25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days USD $25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 90 days USD $ or equivalent convertible currency


For Indian National

Indian nationals do not require visa to enter Nepal. As per the Nepalese Immigration, Indian Nationals traveling to Nepal must possess Passport or Driving License with photo, Photo Identity card issued by a Government Agency of India, Ration Card with Photo, Election Commission Card with Photo, Identity Card issued by Embassy of India in Kathmandu or Identity Card with Photo issued by Sub- Divisional Magistrate or any other officials above this rank.

Also, please check with your nearest travel agents for documents required by the Indian Immigration for Indians traveling to Nepal. 

Other Information

Nationals from Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine and Afghanistan will need to obtain visa from Nepal Embassies or Diplomatic Missions in their respective countries, as they do not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal.

Visa Extension

Tourists can stay for a maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Jan 1 to Dec 31).


Credit Cards

Most of the International Cards are widely accepted by hotels and leading travel/trekking agents.



In Nepal we use 220 volts AC, 50 cycles throughout the country. Power cuts are faced on a daily basis as per the pre-determined schedule.



In Kathmandu, boiled and filtered water as well as mineral water is available in most of the hotels and restaurants. Elsewhere, it is advisable to use water sterilization tablets or stick to tea & soft drinks.


Health Guide

Health care services in Kathmandu Valley are sound. All kinds of medicines, including those imported from overseas are available in Kathmandu. Kathmandu Valley also offers the services of major general hospitals and private clinics. Health posts have been set up by the Government in different parts of rural Nepal. For major health crisis or emergency, one may have to be evacuated to Kathmandu.


Useful Tips

  • A travel insurance policy that covers medical treatment is recommended for all tourists.
  • Similarly, we recommend you to make sure that the insurance covers activities such as trekking, rafting etc. that you will be undertaking during your stay in Nepal
  • Getting special vaccinations are not necessary when visiting Nepal.
  • We still recommend that you consult with your physician regarding special immunizing against any tropical disease.
  • It may be a good idea to get a complete check up before departure.
  • We recommend that you undertake training programs to be physically fit if you plan to go high-altitude trekking or mountaineering when you are visiting Nepal.
  • Please read altitude sickness (AMS), Diarrhea, Giardia, Dysentry, Cholera, Hepatitis, Rabies, Typhoid, Tetanus, Meningitis, Diphtheria, Malaria and HIV/ AIDS information as little precautions can often save lives.
  • Please make sure that food is thoroughly cooked and served hot when eating out.
  • Please make sure that salads and fruits are washed with purified water or peeled when eating out.
  • Beware of food that has been kept out in the open for long.
  • Always make sure that your water is clean by opting for boiled and then cooled water, treated water or sealed water from reputed brand.
  • Always carry a bottle of water when trekking or venturing off away from the city/ town.
  • Do not walk bare feet on damp mud and grass in unknown areas.
  • Please do not swim in lakes and water bodies, especially where depth and vegetation are not known.
  • Always carry and use mosquito repellant when in Terai region or during summers.
  • Please have a handy medical first aid kit ready for any situation.


Medical Kit

A simple but adequate medical kit can be very useful while traveling. The following items are recommended: Aspirin or  Panadol for pain or fever; Antihistamine, as a decongestant for colds, allergies and to help prevent motion sickness; Antibiotics, useful if traveling off beaten track but they must be prescribed; Kaolin preparation (Pepto-Bismol), Imodium or Lomotil, for upset stomach; Rehydration mixture – for treatment of severe Diarrhea; Antiseptic, Mercurochrome and antibiotic powder or similar dry spray- for cuts and grazes. Other things to be included are: Calamine lotion to ease irritation from bites or stings; bandages and band aids for minor injuries; scissors, tweezers, thermometer, insect repellent, sun block lotions, chopsticks, water purification tablets, throat lozenges, moleskin, Sulamyd 10 percent eye drops, Paracetamol and antacid tablets.



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