Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Nepal has an area of 147,181 sq. km (56,827 sq. mi) and a population of a little over 28 million. Kathmandu is the capital and the country's largest metropolitan city.
Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geographical features, culture, and religions. The mountainous north has 8 of the world's 10 highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest at an altitude of 8848 m (29,029 ft). Over 240 peaks with more than 20,000 ft (6,096m) above sea level are in Nepal. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized.
Draped along the greatest heights of the Himalaya, Nepal is where the ice-cold mountains meet the steamy heat of the plains. It's a land of yaks, yetis, temples, stupas and Sherpas and has some of the best trekking places on earth. The Himalayan country's most sophisticated urban cultures took shape here in the three great cities of the Kathmandu Valley - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur - home to a world-class artistic and architectural heritage.
Nepal has a unique landscape, unequalled in beauty and variety, cultural diversity, aesthetically built architectural monuments, rugged beauty and tranquility of the snow capped shimmering mountains, serenity and placidness of the lakes and valleys. An unmatched collection of flora, fauna and wild life, diverse race, ethnic groups, dialects and languages all combined to make Nepal a visitor's paradise.